Historical Events on July 1, Special Events on This Day

Important Events From This day in History July 1st. Find Out What happened 1st July This Day in History on your birthday. Also you can find some answers for the following questions;
Which major historical events happened on July 1?
What happened on July 1st in history?
What special day is July 1?
What happened in history on July 1st?

What Happened on July 1st This Day in History

Year Name
2020 The United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement replaces NAFTA.
2013 Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.
2008 Riots erupt in Mongolia in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the 2008 legislative elections.
2007 Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.
2006 The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway is conducted in China.
2004 Saturn orbit insertion of Cassini–Huygens begins at 01:12 UTC and ends at 02:48 UTC.
2003 Over 500,000 people protest against efforts to pass anti-sedition legislation in Hong Kong.
2002 The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.
2002 Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, a Tupolev Tu-154, and DHL Flight 611, a Boeing 757, collide in mid-air over Überlingen, southern Germany, killing all 71 on board both planes.
1999 The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Elizabeth II on the day that legislative powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh. In Wales, the powers of the Welsh Secretary are transferred to the National Assembly.
1997 China resumes sovereignty over the city-state of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule. The handover ceremony is attended by British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chinese President Jiang Zemin and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.
1991 Cold War: The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
1990 German reunification: East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.
1987 The American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station.
1984 The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
1983 A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.
1983 The Ministry of State Security is established as China's principal intelligence agency
1980 "O Canada" officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
1979 Sony introduces the Walkman.
1978 The Northern Territory in Australia is granted self-government.
1976 Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
1972 The first Gay pride march in England takes place.
1968 The United States Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.
1968 The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is signed in Washington, D.C., London and Moscow by sixty-two countries.
1968 Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States.
1967 Merger Treaty: The European Community is formally created out of a merger between the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
1966 The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.
1963 ZIP codes are introduced for United States mail.
1963 The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
1962 Independence of Rwanda and Burundi.
1960 The Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) gains its independence from Italy. Concurrently, it unites as scheduled with the five-day-old State of Somaliland (the former British Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.
1960 Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II ceases to be its head of state.
1959 Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) are adopted after agreement between the US, the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.
1958 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
1958 Flooding of Canada's Saint Lawrence Seaway begins.
1957 The International Geophysical Year begins.
1949 The merger of two princely states of India, Cochin and Travancore, into the state of Thiru-Kochi (later re-organized as Kerala) in the Indian Union ends more than 1,000 years of princely rule by the Cochin royal family.
1948 Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-i-Azam) inaugurates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.
1947 The Philippine Air Force is established.
1946 Crossroads Able is the first postwar nuclear weapon test.
1943 The City of Tokyo and the Prefecture of Tokyo are both replaced by the Tokyo Metropolis.
1942 World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
1942 The Australian Federal Government becomes the sole collector of income tax in Australia as State Income Tax is abolished.
1935 Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in the On-to-Ottawa Trek.
1932 Australia's national broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, was formed.
1931 United Airlines begins service (as Boeing Air Transport).
1931 Wiley Post and Harold Gatty become the first people to circumnavigate the globe in a single-engined monoplane aircraft.
1923 The Parliament of Canada suspends all Chinese immigration.
1922 The Great Railroad Strike of 1922 begins in the United States.
1921 The Chinese Communist Party is founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, with the help of the Far Eastern Bureau of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Bolsheviks), who seized power in Russia after the 1917 October Revolution, and the Far Eastern Secretariat of the Communist International.
1917 Chinese General Zhang Xun seizes control of Beijing and restores the monarchy, installing Puyi, last emperor of the Qing dynasty, to the throne. The restoration is reversed just shy of two weeks later, when Republican troops regain control of the capital.
1916 World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
1915 Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Deutsches Heer's Fliegertruppe army air service achieves the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.
1911 Germany despatches the gunship SMS Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis.
1908 SOS is adopted as the international distress signal.
1903 Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.
1901 French government enacts its anti-clerical legislation Law of Association prohibiting the formation of new monastic orders without governmental approval.
1898 Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba.
1890 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
1885 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
1885 The Congo Free State is established by King Leopold II of Belgium.
1881 The world's first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect.
1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1874 The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale.
1873 Prince Edward Island joins into Canadian Confederation.
1870 The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
1867 The British North America Act takes effect as the Province of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia join into confederation to create the modern nation of Canada. John A. Macdonald is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date is commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.
1863 Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands.
1863 American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
1862 The Russian State Library is founded as the Library of the Moscow Public Museum.
1862 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, marries Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.
1862 American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the last of the Seven Days Battles, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
1858 Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society of London.
1855 Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.
1837 A system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.
1823 The five Central American nations of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica declare independence from the First Mexican Empire after being annexed the year prior.
1819 Johann Georg Tralles discovers the Great Comet of 1819, (C/1819 N1). It is the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by François Arago.
1782 Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1770 Lexell's Comet is seen closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 astronomical units (2,180,000 km; 1,360,000 mi).
1766 François-Jean de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded before his body is burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, France.
1690 War of the Grand Alliance: Marshal de Luxembourg triumphs over an Anglo-Dutch army at the battle of Fleurus.
1690 Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar).
1643 First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
1569 Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
1523 Jan van Essen and Hendrik Vos become the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels.
1520 Spanish conquistadors led by Hernán Cortés fight their way out of Tenochtitlan after nightfall.
1431 The Battle of La Higueruela takes place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.
1097 Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I.
552 Battle of Taginae: Byzantine forces under Narses defeat the Ostrogoths in Italy, and the Ostrogoth king, Totila, is mortally wounded.
69 Tiberius Julius Alexander orders his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor.
Famous People Born on July 1

Here is a random list who born on July 1. For full list please click on the link above.

Year Name
1927 Chandra Shekhar, 8th Prime Minister of India (d. 2007)
1903 Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941)
1927 Winfield Dunn, American politician, 43rd Governor of Tennessee
1976 Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer and manager
1913 Vasantrao Naik, Indian politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 1979)
1943 Jeff Wayne, American composer, musician and lyricist
1988 Dedé, Brazilian footballer
1986 Julian Prochnow, German footballer
1869 William Strunk Jr., American author and educator (d. 1946)
1975 Sufjan Stevens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
Famous People Deaths On July 1

Here is a list of some famous peope who died on July 1. For full list please click on the link above.

Date Name
1905 John Hay, American journalist and politician, 37th United States Secretary of State (b. 1838)
1968 Fritz Bauer, German judge and politician (b. 1903)
1622 William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, English politician (b. 1575)
1774 Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (b. 1705)
1978 Kurt Student, German general and pilot (b. 1890)
992 Heonjeong, Korean queen (b. 966)
2015 Val Doonican, Irish singer and television host (b. 1927)
2021 Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer (b. 1939)[65]
2019 Bogusław Schaeffer, Polish composer (b. 1929)
1966 Frank Verner, American runner (b. 1883)