Important Historical Events Today, What Happened Today in History?

Today's Historical Events. What Happened This Day In History? Here is a chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened 1 October in history.

Historical Events on October 1

Date Event
331 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
366 Pope Damasus I is elected.
959 Edgar the Peaceful becomes king of all England.
965 Pope John XIII is elected.
1553 Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
1588 Coronation of Shah Abbas I of Persia.
1730 Ahmed III is forced to abdicate as the Ottoman sultan.
1787 Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
1791 First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
1795 More than a year after the Battle of Sprimont, the Austrian Netherlands (present-day Belgium) are officially annexed by Revolutionary France.
1800 Via the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain cedes Louisiana to France, which would sell the land to the United States thirty months later.
1814 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoleon the previous spring.
1827 Russo-Persian War: The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination of Armenia.
1829 South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa. It will later separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
1832 Texian political delegates convene at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.
1843 The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London, UK.
1861 Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management is published, going on to sell 60,000 copies in its first year and remaining in print until the present day
1887 Balochistan is conquered by the British Empire.
1890 Yosemite National Park is established by the U.S. Congress.
1891 Stanford University opens its doors in California, United States.
1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
1903 Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
1908 Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.
1910 A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.
1918 World War I: The Egyptian Expeditionary Force captures Damascus.
1918 Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.
1928 The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.
1931 The George Washington Bridge in the United States, linking New Jersey and New York, is opened.
1931 Clara Campoamor persuades the Constituent Cortes to enfranchise women in Spain's new constitution.
1936 Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
1938 Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
1939 World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.
1940 The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
1942 World War II: USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru, not knowing that she is carrying British prisoners of war from Hong Kong.
1943 World War II: After the Four Days of Naples, Allied troops enter the city.
1946 Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
1946 The Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied-occupied Korea.
1947 The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
1949 The People's Republic of China is established.
1953 Andhra State is formed, consisting of a Telugu-speaking area carved out of India's Madras State.
1953 A Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea is concluded in Washington, D.C.
1955 The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.
1957 First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
1958 The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is replaced by NASA.
1960 Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1961 The United States Defense Intelligence Agency is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military intelligence organization.
1961 East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
1964 The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
1964 Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
1966 West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with no survivors in Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
1968 Guyana nationalizes the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.
1969 Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
1971 Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida.
1971 The first practical CT scanner is used to diagnose a patient.
1975 Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
1978 Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
1979 The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
1982 Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
1982 Epcot opens at Walt Disney World in Florida.
1982 Sony and Phillips launch the compact disc in Japan. On the same day, Sony released the model CDP-101 compact disc player, the first player of its kind.
1985 Israel-Palestinian conflict: Israel attacks the Palestine Liberation Organization headquarters in Tunisia during "Operation Wooden Leg".
1987 The 5.9 Mw⿯ Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing eight and injuring 200.
1989 Denmark introduces the world's first legal same-sex registered partnerships.
1991 Croatian War of Independence: The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
1994 Palau enters a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
2000 Israel-Palestinian conflict: Palestinians protest the murder of 12-year-old Muhammad al-Durrah by the Israeli police in northern Israel, beginning the "October 2000 events".
2001 Militants attack the state legislature building in Kashmir, killing 38.
2009 The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
2012 A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
2014 A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
2015 A gunman kills nine people at a community college in Oregon.
2015 Heavy rains trigger a major landslide in Guatemala, killing 280 people.
2017 An independence referendum, declared illegal by the Constitutional Court of Spain, takes place in Catalonia.
2017 Fifty-eight people are killed and 851 others injured in a mass shooting at a country music festival at the Las Vegas Strip in the United States; the gunman, Stephen Paddock, later commits suicide.