Important Historical Events Today, What Happened Today in History?

Today's Historical Events. What Happened This Day In History? Here is a chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened 5 February in history.

Historical Events on February 5

Date Event
62 Earthquake in Pompeii, Italy.
1576 Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours and rejoins the Protestant forces in the French Wars of Religion.
1597 A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
1783 In Calabria, a sequence of strong earthquakes begins.
1810 Peninsular War: Siege of Cádiz begins.
1818 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
1852 The New Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public.
1859 Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Prince of Moldavia, is also elected as prince of Wallachia, joining the two principalities as a personal union called the United Principalities, an autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire, which ushered in the birth of the modern Romanian state.
1862 Moldavia and Wallachia formally unite to create the Romanian United Principalities.
1869 The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger", is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia.
1885 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
1901 J. P. Morgan forms U.S. Steel, a $1 billion steel company, having bought some of John D. Rockefeller's iron mines and Andrew Carnegie's entire steel business.
1905 In Mexico, the General Hospital of Mexico is inaugurated, started with four basic specialties.
1907 Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announces the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic.
1913 Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane.
1913 Claudio Monteverdi's last opera L'incoronazione di Poppea was performed theatrically for the first time in more than 250 years.
1917 The current constitution of Mexico is adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
1917 The Congress of the United States passes the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson's veto.
1918 Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane; this is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.
1918 SS Tuscania is torpedoed off the coast of Ireland; it is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk.
1919 Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith launch United Artists.
1924 The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal.
1933 Mutiny on Royal Netherlands Navy warship HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën off the coast of Sumatra, Dutch East Indies.
1939 Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th "Caudillo de España", or Leader of Spain.
1941 World War II: Allied forces begin the Battle of Keren to capture Keren, Eritrea.
1945 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
1958 Gamal Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
1958 A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
1962 French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
1963 The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the most important, if not the most important, decisions in the development of European Union law.
1967 Cultural Revolution: The Shanghai People's Commune is formally proclaimed, with Yao Wenyuan and Zhang Chunqiao being appointed as its leaders.
1971 Astronauts land on the Moon in the Apollo 14 mission.
1975 Riots break out in Lima, Peru after the police forces go on strike the day before. The uprising (locally known as the Limazo) is bloodily suppressed by the military dictatorship.
1985 Ugo Vetere, then the mayor of Rome, and Chedli Klibi, then the mayor of Carthage, meet in Tunis to sign a treaty of friendship officially ending the Third Punic War which lasted 2,131 years.
1988 Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.
1994 Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
1994 Markale massacres, more than 60 people are killed and some 200 wounded as a mortar shell explodes in a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.
1997 The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
2000 Russian forces massacre at least 60 civilians in the Novye Aldi suburb of Grozny, Chechnya.
2004 Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
2008 A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States kills 57.
2019 Pope Francis becomes the first Pope in history to visit and perform papal mass in the Arabian Peninsula during his visit to Abu Dhabi.
2020 United States President Donald Trump is acquitted by the United States Senate in his first impeachment trial.
2021 Police riot in Mexico City as they try to break up a demonstration by cyclists who were protesting after a bus ran over a bicyclist.[17] Eleven police officers are arrested.