Historical Events on January 1, Special Events on This Day

Important Events From This day in History January 1st. Find Out What happened 1st January This Day in History on your birthday. Also you can find some answers for the following questions;
Which major historical events happened on January 1?
What happened on January 1st in history?
What special day is January 1?
What happened in history on January 1st?

What Happened on January 1st This Day in History

Year Name
2023 Croatia officially adopts the Euro, becoming the 20th Eurozone country, and joins the Schengen Area.
2017 An attack on a nightclub in Istanbul, Turkey, during New Year's celebrations, kills at least 39 people and injures more than 60 others.
2015 The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
2013 At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a stampede after celebrations at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
2011 A bomb explodes as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people.
2011 Estonia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 17th Eurozone country.
2010 A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.
2009 Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
2007 Bulgaria and Romania join the EU.
2007 Adam Air Flight 574 breaks apart in mid-air and crashes near the Makassar Strait, Indonesia, killing all 102 people on board.
2004 In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007.
1999 Euro currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden; Greece adopts the euro two years later).
1998 Following a currency reform, Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
1995 The World Trade Organization comes into being.
1995 The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.
1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU.
1994 The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas.
1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.
1993 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
1990 David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
1989 The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion.
1988 The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
1987 The Isleta Pueblo tribe elect Verna Williamson to be their first female governor.
1985 The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone.
1984 The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
1984 Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
1983 The ARPANET officially changes to using TCP/IP, the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet.
1982 Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1981 Greece is admitted into the European Community.
1979 Normal diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and the United States.
1978 Air India Flight 855, a Boeing 747, crashes into the Arabian Sea off the coast of Bombay, India, due to instrument failure, spatial disorientation, and pilot error, killing all 213 people on board.
1976 A bomb explodes on board Middle East Airlines Flight 438 over Qaisumah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 81 people on board.
1973 Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom are admitted into the European Economic Community.
1971 Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
1970 The defined beginning of Unix time, at 00:00:00.
1965 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan.
1964 The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
1962 Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.
1960 Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
1959 Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces.
1958 The European Economic Community is established.
1957 George Town, Penang, is made a city by a royal charter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
1957 Lèse majesté in Thailand is strengthened to include "insult" and changed to a crime against national security, after the Thai criminal code of 1956 went into effect.
1956 Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
1949 United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.
1948 The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways.
1947 Cold War: The American and British occupation zones in Allied-occupied Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany.
1947 The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens.
1945 World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed, attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
1942 The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
1934 Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay becomes a United States federal prison.
1934 A "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring" comes into effect in Nazi Germany.
1932 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
1929 The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
1928 Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
1927 A new Mexican oil legislation goes into effect, leading to the formal outbreak of the Cristero War.
1923 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
1914 The SPT Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline to use a winged aircraft.
1912 The Republic of China is established.
1910 Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members) since Horatio Nelson.
1902 The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
1901 The Southern Nigeria Protectorate is established within the British Empire.
1901 The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
1900 Nigeria becomes British protectorate with Frederick Lugard as high commissioner.
1899 Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
1898 New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
1892 Ellis Island begins processing immigrants into the United States.
1890 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
1885 Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones).
1877 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
1863 American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
1861 Liberal forces supporting Benito Juárez enter Mexico City.
1860 The first Polish stamp is issued, replacing the Russian stamps previously in use.
1847 The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, United States, by a group of Sisters of Mercy from Ireland;
1834 Most of Germany forms the Zollverein customs union, the first such union between sovereign states.
1822 The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1810 Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales.
1808 The United States bans the importation of slaves.
1806 The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
1804 French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black-majority republic and second independent country in North America after the United States.
1801 The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is proclaimed.
1801 Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
1788 The first edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
1781 American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
1776 American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
1776 General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill.
1773 The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17, Faith's Review and Expectation", is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.
1772 The first traveler's cheques, which could be used in 90 European cities, are issued by the London Credit Exchange Company.
1739 Bouvet Island, the world's remotest island,[20] is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
1707 John V is proclaimed King of Portugal and the Algarves in Lisbon.
1700 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
1651 Charles II is crowned King of Scotland at Scone Palace.
1604 The Masque of Indian and China Knights is performed by courtiers of James VI and I at Hampton Court.
1600 Scotland recognises January 1 as the start of the year, instead of March 25.
1527 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria as King of Croatia in the 1527 election in Cetin.
1515 Twenty-year-old Francis, Duke of Brittany, succeeds to the French throne following the death of his father-in-law, Louis XII.
1502 The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is first explored by the Portuguese.
1500 Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral discovers the coast of Brazil.
1438 Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
1068 Romanos IV Diogenes marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa and is crowned Byzantine Emperor.
1001 Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II (probable).
417 Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum) (probable).
404 Saint Telemachus tries to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and is stoned to death by the crowd. This act impresses the Christian Emperor Honorius, who issues a historic ban on gladiatorial fights.
193 The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
153 For the first time, Roman consuls begin their year in office on January 1.
45 The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
42 The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar.
Famous People Born on January 1

Here is a random list who born on January 1. For full list please click on the link above.

Year Name
1961 Sam Backo, Australian rugby league player
1942 Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, President of the Ivory Coast
1967 Tawera Nikau, New Zealand rugby league player
1752 Betsy Ross, American seamstress, sewed flags for the Pennsylvania Navy during the Revolutionary War (d. 1836)
1966 Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives
1985 Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer
1912 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995)
1895 J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)
1905 Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981)
1975 Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach
Famous People Deaths On January 1

Here is a list of some famous peope who died on January 1. For full list please click on the link above.

Date Name
1881 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805)
1940 Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865)
1998 Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905)
1944 Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial (b. 1869)
1981 Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920)
1931 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
1955 Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881)
2002 Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944)
2012 Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917)
2005 Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924)